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B., ed. Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an … Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. Other examples of bacterial lung diseases include Legionnaire's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis 4. Yeast, bacteria, STDs, even hygiene products can all cause an infection or inflammation in the vagina. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington But arming yourself with the knowledge of these common mouth infections, their causes, and typical signs can help you prevent them. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). Scalp infections occur when bacteria or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp. Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. Tetanus 7. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. Find out more about antibiotics, and about multidrug-resistant ‘superbugs’, which are very difficult to treat. Some oral infections are more serious than others. Infections caused by parasites and a few types of infections caused by bacteria may also need treatment with medicines. The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. Syphilis 10. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. There are a great many types of bacterial infection that can affect the skin, most of which can be easily treated with antibiotics. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. Gonorrhoea 9. Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. Bacterial infections except chlamydiae: Specimen consists of exudate, collected by a sterile platinum loop … Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. Plague 8. Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. 2009.American Academy of Pediatrics. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Osteomyelitis. A bacterial infection is best treated with a prescription antibiotic that is specific for the type of bacteria causing the infection. 28th ed. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. Other types of bacterial infections include urinary tract infections (including bladder and kidney infections) and dental abscesses , as well as infections caused by MRSA , Group B Streptococcus , and C. Difficile . Immunisation is available to prevent many important bacterial diseases such as Hemophilus influenza Type b (Hib), tetanus and whooping cough.. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Bacteria may also enter your body through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia. There are various types of bacteria that affect each and every part of the body and this is a common health issue which we face throughout our lives. Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. Dental Caries or Cavities ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 2 Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. The signs and symptoms differ according to the kinds of infection, but usually a patient will have chills or a fever. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Also, children with a severely weakened immune system are at … Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. Types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus. Bacterial Disease # 1. In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Bacterial skin infections. Leprosy 5. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. One of the bacteria of concern today is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) a bacterium associated with Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli). 17th ed. Some of the more common conditions caused by a bacterial infection include bacterial vaginosis , kidney infections, and gastroenteritis. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process. Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, ... HIV virus damages T cells that are vital in helping the body fight off diseases, leaving those infected at risk of many types of infections. Serious kinds of infections will require medical attention and help in strengthening the immune system. Pertussis 6. High or low temperatures, shivering, chills, fast breathing, and rapid heartbeats are early signs of sepsis. Diphtheria 3. 1. When the number and type of bacteria increase to a point that the body is no longer able to control the invasion, then symptoms of infection can be noted. A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. Fungal Sinus Infections/Fungal Rhinosinusitis. While the majority of sinus infections are caused by a viral or bacterial infection, they can also occur due to fungal infections. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. Chin J. Laboratory diagnosis: 1. Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. About Bacterial Infection. A Leptospirosis bacterial infection occurs when a dog drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. ISBN 978-1-58110-306-9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI). Learn more about types of bacterial disease and the mechanism by which bacteria cause illness. Virus types The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. Like any part of your body, you can get infections and illnesses that can affect your teeth, gums, and tongue. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 A doctor can determine the underlying cause of an illness based on the patient's symptoms and other factors. Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. Definition of CRE . The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.S. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? Cholera 4. Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. Salmonellosis. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Tooth decay results from the production of acid by bacterial fermentation of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface. In rare cases, these types of infections can be severe and could spread to other areas of the body. Osteomyelitis often occurs when an infection elsewhere in the body, such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, spreads through the blood to the bones. There are various types of bacterial infections that can affect your cat and its major organs. Pneumococcal pneumonia is a common example, although other types of bacteria and viruses can also cause pneumonia. They usually cause mild infections, … Cystitis. Age also determines the propensity of bacterial infection in cats. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. Different Types. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. Infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in.! Leptospirosis bacterial infection that can affect the skin and throat areas of the infection and the by! Antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates to a virus, bacteria, viruses, and these usually develop on person... 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